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CO Oxidation Mechanism on CeO2-Supported Au Nanoparticles

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journal contribution
posted on 25.01.2012, 00:00 by Hyun You Kim, Hyuck Mo Lee, Graeme Henkelman
Density functional theory was used to study the CO oxidation catalytic activity of CeO2-supported Au nanoparticles (NPs). Experimental observations on CeO2 show that the surface of CeO2 is enriched with oxygen vacancies. We compare CO oxidation by a Au13 NP supported on stoichiometric CeO2 (Au13@CeO2-STO) and partially reduced CeO2 with three vacancies (Au13@CeO2-3VAC). The structure of the Au13 NP was chosen to minimize structural rearrangement during CO oxidation. We suggest three CO oxidation mechanisms by Au13@CeO2: CO oxidation by coadsorbed O2, CO oxidation by a lattice oxygen in CeO2, and CO oxidation by O2 bound to a Au–Ce3+ anchoring site. Oxygen vacancies are shown to open a new CO oxidation pathway by O2 bound to a Au–Ce3+ anchoring site. Our results provide a design strategy for CO oxidation on supported Au catalysts. We suggest lowering the vacancy formation energy of the supporting oxide, and using an easily reducible oxide to increase the concentration of reduced metal ions, which act as anchoring sites for O2 molecules.