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Bypass of a Psoralen DNA Interstrand Cross-Link by DNA Polymerases β, ι, and κ in Vitro

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journal contribution
posted on 2016-02-20, 07:06 authored by Leigh A. Smith, Alena V. Makarova, Laura Samson, Katherine E. Thiesen, Alok Dhar, Tadayoshi Bessho
Repair of DNA interstrand cross-links in mammalian cells involves several biochemically distinctive processes, including the release of one of the cross-linked strands and translesion DNA synthesis (TLS). In this report, we investigated the in vitro TLS activity of a psoralen DNA interstrand cross-link by three DNA repair polymerases, DNA polymerases β, κ, and ι. DNA polymerase β is capable of bypassing a psoralen cross-link with a low efficiency. Cell extracts prepared from DNA polymerase β knockout mouse embryonic fibroblasts showed a reduced bypass activity of the psoralen cross-link, and purified DNA polymerase β restored the bypass activity. In addition, DNA polymerase ι misincorporated thymine across the psoralen cross-link and DNA polymerase κ extended these mispaired primer ends, suggesting that DNA polymerase ι may serve as an inserter and DNA polymerase κ may play a role as an extender in the repair of psoralen DNA interstrand cross-links. The results demonstrated here indicate that multiple DNA polymerases could participate in TLS steps in mammalian DNA interstrand cross-link repair.