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Bulk and Surface Wettability Characteristics of Probiotic Powders in Their Compressed Disc and Packed-Bed Column Forms

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journal contribution
posted on 28.08.2020, 07:29 by Mohamed A. Ali, Hary L. Razafindralambo, Giuseppina Conti, Joël De Coninck
Most probiotic-based products are available in powder particles under different solid-state forms. Such diversity can affect the probiotic stability, viability, and performance at different stages of processing, storage, and use. Here, we apply complementary physical chemistry techniques to characterize the bulk and surface properties of probiotic powder particles under different forms and report quantitative results of a highly concentrated multistrain reference product. The solid particle morphology, size/shape distribution, and the powder surface wettability in the compressed disc and porous packed bed forms are successively measured by sessile drop and capillary rise techniques. A complete wettability of the disc surface is observed through equilibrium contact angle measurements for various solvents, whereas the associated capillary rise data exhibit two regimes: a power law regime for the first few moments followed by a second regime, which can be described using Darcy’s law. The use of this modeling approach shows the possibility of assessing the particle-packed bed permeability and porosity. These results open a new route of the structure–activity relationship study on the impact of probiotic solid particles on their functionalities and performance in promoting health benefits, related particularly to the human and animal gut permeability. This statement also strengthens the idea of using the compressed disc technique for easily performing probiotic wettability measurements.