Bromocriptine as a Novel Pharmacological Chaperone for Mucopolysaccharidosis IV A

Mucopolysaccharidosis IVA (MPS IVA) is a lysosomal storage disease caused by mutations in the gene encoding for the enzyme N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfate sulfatase (GALNS), leading to lysosomal accumulation of keratan sulfate (KS) and chondroitin-6-sulfate. In this study, we identified and characterized bromocriptine (BC) as a novel PC for MPS IVA. BC was identified through virtual screening and predicted to be docked within the active cavity of GALNS in a similar conformation to that observed for KS. BC interacted with similar residues to those predicted for natural GALNS substrates. In vitro inhibitory assay showed that BC at 50 μM reduced GALNS activity up to 30%. However, the activity of hrGALNS produced in HEK293 cells was increased up to 1.48-fold. BC increased GALNS activity and reduced lysosomal mass in MPS IVA fibroblasts in a mutation-dependent manner. Overall, these results show the potential of BC as a novel PC for MPS IVA and contribute to the consolidation of PCs as a potential therapy for this disease.