American Chemical Society
jf304546a_si_002.pdf (101.31 kB)

Brefeldin A Is an Estrogenic, Erk1/2-Activating Component in the Extract of Agaricus blazei Mycelia

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journal contribution
posted on 2013-01-09, 00:00 authored by Sijun Dong, Yoshiyuki Furutani, Sadao Kimura, Yun Zhu, Kazutaka Kawabata, Michiko Furutani, Toshio Nishikawa, Takeshi Tanaka, Tomoh Masaki, Rumiko Matsuoka, Ryoiti Kiyama
We purified an Erk1/2-activating component in Agaricus blazei and identified it as brefeldin A (BFA). The extract of A. blazei mycelia (ABE) previously showed an estrogenic gene-expression profile and positive effects in patients with cardiovascular symptoms. Here, we demonstrate that BFA has estrogenic activity in reporter gene assays and stimulates an estrogen-receptor pathway revealed by activation of Erk1/2, although BFA had no growth-stimulating activity in breast cancer MCF-7 cells. The presence of estrogenic activity without any explicit growth-stimulating effect is unique to BFA, and such components are termed here “silent estrogens”. To test this hypothesis, we examined the target-gene transcription and signaling pathways induced by BFA. Furthermore, BFA was found in the mycelium but not fruiting body of A. blazei, suggesting the potential use of ABE for therapeutics and its supplementary use in traditional medicines and functional foods.