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Bovine Bone Gelatin-Derived Peptides: Food Processing Characteristics and Evaluation of Antihypertensive and Antihyperlipidemic Activities

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posted on 2022-08-18, 12:03 authored by Songmin Cao, Zixu Wang, Lujuan Xing, Lei Zhou, Wangang Zhang
This study aimed to evaluate the food processing properties of bovine bone gelatin-derived peptides (BGPs) and their effects and mechanisms on hypertension and hypertension complications in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). BGPs had good acid, high temperature, and NaCl resistance abilities in vitro. Additionally, Maillard reaction of BGPs with low-dose reducing sugar (≤15%) exhibited a free radical scavenging effect. BGPs significantly reduced the blood pressure, triglyceride levels, and the low-density lipoprotein cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio in SHRs through downregulated angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), angiotensin II (Ang II), and Ang II type 1 receptor (AT1R) levels and the upregulated Ang II type 2 receptor (AT2R) level. In brief, BGP could alleviate hypertension and dyslipidemia in SHRs by inhibiting ACE/Ang II/AT1R and activating the Ang II/AT2R signaling pathway. Our study suggests that BGP has good food processing properties and could be a potential nutraceutical for antihypertensive and antihyperlipidemic issues.

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