American Chemical Society
jz3c01046_si_002.pdf (1.11 MB)

Boosting the Photoluminescence Quantum Yield and Stability of Lead-Free CsEuCl3 Nanocrystals via Ni2+ Doping

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-06-12, 16:37 authored by Xiaoshan Zhang, Feilong Wang, Yikun Wang, Xiang Wu, Qiongrong Ou, Shuyu Zhang
Colloidal CsPbX3 (X = Br, Cl, or I) perovskite nanocrystals (PNCs) have emerged as low-cost, high-performance light-emitting materials, whereas the toxicity of lead limits their applications. Europium halide perovskites offer promising alternatives to lead-based perovskites due to their narrow spectral width and high monochromaticity. Nonetheless, the photoluminescence quantum yields (PLQYs) of CsEuCl3 PNCs have been very low (∼2%). Herein, Ni2+-doped CsEuCl3 PNCs have been first reported, exhibiting bright blue emission centered at 430.6 ± 0.6 nm with a full width at half-maximum of 23.5 ± 0.3 nm and a PLQY of 19.7 ± 0.4%. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest PLQY value reported for CsEuCl3 PNCs so far, an order of magnitude higher than in previous work. DFT calculations demonstrate that Ni2+ enhances PLQY by concurrently increasing the oscillator strength and removing Eu3+ which hinders the photorecombination process. B-site doping offers a promising approach to enhance the performance of lanthanide-based lead-free PNCs.