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Bonding Trends of Thiosemicarbazones in Mononuclear and Dinuclear Copper(I) Complexes: Syntheses, Structures, and Theoretical Aspects

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posted on 2006-02-20, 00:00 authored by Tarlok S. Lobana, Rekha, R. J. Butcher, A. Castineiras, E. Bermejo, Prasad V. Bharatam
Reactions of copper(I) halides with a series of thiosemicarbazone ligands (Htsc) in the presence of triphenylphosphine (Ph3P) in acetonitrile have yielded three types of complexes:  (i) monomers, [CuX(η1-S-Htsc)(Ph3P)2] [X, Htsc = I (1), Br (2), benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (Hbtsc); I (5), Br (6), Cl (7), pyridine-2-carbaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (Hpytsc)], (ii) halogen-bridged dimers, [Cu22-X)21-S-Htsc)2(Ph3P)2] [X, Htsc = Br (3), Hbtsc; I (8), furan-2-carbaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (Hftsc); I (11), thiophene-2-carbaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (Httsc)], and (iii) sulfur-bridged dimers, [Cu2X22-S-Htsc)2(Ph3P)2] [X, Htsc = Cl (4), Hbtsc; Br (9), Cl (10), pyrrole-2-carbaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (Hptsc); Br (12), Httsc]. All of these complexes have been characterized with the help of elemental analysis, IR, 1H, 13C, or 31P NMR spectroscopy, and X-ray crystallography (112). In all of the complexes, thiosemicarbazones are acting as neutral S-donor ligands in η1-S or μ2-S bonding modes. The Cu···Cu separations in the Cu(μ2-X)2Cu and Cu(μ2-S)2Cu cores lie in the ranges 2.981(1)−3.2247(6) and 2.813(1)−3.2329(8) Å, respectively. The geometry around each Cu center in monomers and dimers may be treated as distorted tetrahedral. Ab initio density functional theory calculations on model monomeric and dimeric complexes of the simplest thiosemicarbazone [H2CN−NH−C(S)−NH2, Htsc] have revealed that monomers and halogen-bridged dimers have similar stability and that sulfur-bridged dimers are stable only when halogen atoms are engaged in hydrogen bonding with the solvent of crystallization or H2O molecules.

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