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Blue Light Simultaneously Induces Peel Anthocyanin Biosynthesis and Flesh Carotenoid/Sucrose Biosynthesis in Mango Fruit

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posted on 2022-12-09, 13:04 authored by Junbei Ni, Yifei Liao, Manman Zhang, Chen Pan, Qinsong Yang, Songling Bai, Yuanwen Teng
Previous studies focused on the effects of light on fruit appearance, especially the peel color. However, the effect of light on fruit internal quality and the underlying mechanisms are unclear. In this study, we analyzed the effects of blue light on the appearance and internal quality of mango fruit (Mangifera indica L.). Blue light simultaneously induced peel anthocyanin and flesh sucrose/carotenoid biosynthesis in mango fruit. Analyses of co-expression networks and gene expression trends in mango fruit peel and flesh identified candidate genes, including transcription factor genes, involved in blue light-regulated anthocyanin, carotenoid, and sucrose biosynthesis pathways. Key blue light signaling-related genes (MiCRY and MiHY5) and blue light-triggered phytohormones were involved in these pathways. Additionally, there were common and tissue-specific pathways for the blue light-promoted accumulation of anthocyanins, carotenoids, and sucrose. Our results provide new insights into the regulatory effects of light on the appearance and internal quality of mango fruit.

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