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Biophysical Insights into Implications of PEG-400 on the α-Crystallin Structure: Multispectroscopic and Microscopic Approach

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journal contribution
posted on 21.07.2020, 21:29 by Anas Shamsi, Taj Mohammad, Saleha Anwar, Md. Imtaiyaz Hassan, Faizan Ahmad, Ikramul Hasan, Asimul Islam
Aggregation and precipitation of α-crystallin play a vital role in the cataract development. This study was targeted to delineate the effect of PEG-400 on the structural integrity of α-crystallin employing a multispectroscopic and microscopic approach. Intrinsic fluorescence and UV–vis spectroscopy suggested alterations in the tertiary structure of α-crystallin, namely global transition of native α-crystallin to a non-native form in the presence of PEG-400. Circular dichroism spectroscopy suggested secondary structural transition in a native conformation of α-crystallin in the presence of PEG-400. Loss in the native conformation of α-crystallin is implicated in cataract developments, thus highlighting the clinical significance of this work. Further, a significant increase in ANS fluorescence of PEG-400-incubated α-crystallin (7 days) suggested this non-native form to be molten globule (MG)-like state. Increased Thioflavin T fluorescence (ThT) and congo red (CR) absorbance along with transmission electron microscopy (TEM) confirmed the formation of the aggregates of α-crystallin after prolonged incubation with PEG-400. Insights into PEG-400-induced structural alterations can provide a platform to search for new therapeutic molecules that can combat α-crystallin-directed eye diseases.