American Chemical Society
am1c03010_si_001.pdf (8.2 MB)

Biomimetic Nanotheranostics Camouflaged with Cancer Cell Membranes Integrating Persistent Oxygen Supply and Homotypic Targeting for Hypoxic Tumor Elimination

Download (8.2 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2021-04-23, 14:07 authored by Hongliang Chen, Donghui Zheng, Wenzhen Pan, Xiang Li, Bin Lv, Wenxiang Gu, Jeremiah Ong’achwa Machuki, Jiahui Chen, Weiqiang Liang, Kang Qin, Johannes Greven, Frank Hildebrand, Zhiqiang Yu, Xing Zhang, Kaijin Guo
Treatment resistance of the tumors to photodynamic therapy (PDT) owing to O2 deficiency largely compromised the therapeutic efficacy, which could be addressed via modulating oxygen levels by using O2 self-enriched nanosystems. Here, we report on augmenting the O2-evolving strategy based on a biomimetic, catalytic nanovehicle (named as N/P@MCC), constructed by the catalase-immobilized hollow mesoporous nanospheres by enveloping a cancer cell membrane (CCM), which acts as an efficient nanocontainer to accommodate nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dots (N-GQDs) and protoporphyrin IX (PpIX). Inheriting the virtues of biomimetic CCM cloaking, the CCM-derived shell conferred N/P@MCC nanovehicles with highly specific self-recognition and homotypic targeting toward cancerous cells, ensuring tumor-specific accumulation and superior circulation durations. N-GQDs, for the first time, have been evidenced as a new dual-functional nanoagents with PTT and PDT capacities, enabling the generation of 1O2 for PDT and inducing local low-temperature hyperthermia for thermally ablating cancer cells and infrared thermal imaging (IRT). Leveraging the intrinsic catalytic features of catalase, such N/P@MCC nanovehicles effectively scavenged the excessive H2O2 to sustainably evolve oxygen for a synchronous O2 self-supply and hypoxia alleviation, with an additional benefit because the resulting O2 bubbles could function as an echo amplifier, leading to the sufficient echogenic reflectivity for ultrasound imaging. Concurrently, the elevated O2 reacted with N-GQDs and PpIX to elicit a maximally increased 1O2 output for augmented PDT. Significantly, the ultrasound imaging coupled with fluorescence imaging, IRT, performs a tumor-modulated trimodal bioimaging effect. Overall, this offers a paradigm to rationally explore O2 self-supply strategies focused on versatile nanotheranostics for hypoxic tumor elimination.