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Biomass-Based N, P, and S Self-Doped Porous Carbon for High-Performance Supercapacitors

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journal contribution
posted on 24.06.2019, 15:06 by Guangzhen Zhao, Yanjiang Li, Guang Zhu, Junyou Shi, Ting Lu, Likun Pan
Biomass-based hierarchically porous carbon is green and eco-friendly, which exhibits a wide potential for energy storage due to its large specific surface area and multiheteroatoms codoping. Herein, nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and sulfur (S) self-doped hierarchically porous carbon (N–P–S-HPC) has been prepared by a one-step method from a peanut meal for the first time. The as-prepared N–P–S-HPC possesses a typical hierarchically porous framework (micropores, mesopores, and macropores) with an extremely large specific surface area (2090 m2 g–1) and N (11.2 atomic %), P (0.82 atomic %), and S (0.64 atomic %) doping. N–P–S-HPC as an electrode for supercapacitors displays an ultrahigh specific capacitance of 525 F g–1 (1 A g–1) with the contributions of electrical double layer capacitance (EDLC) and pseudocapacitance (PC). Remarkably, the capacitance retention of N–P–S-HPC reaches up to 68% (10 A g–1). The N–P–S-HPC//N–P–S-HPC symmetrical supercapacitor delivers a maximum energy density (24.9 Wh kg–1 at 400 W kg–1). After 6000 cycles at 300 mV s–1, the capacitance loss is only 10%, indicating excellent cycling stability of the peanut meal converted N–P–S-HPC, which enables it to be a promising candidate for energy storage and renewable delivery devices.