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Bioluminescent Indicator for Highly Sensitive Analysis of Estrogenic Activity in a Cell-Based Format

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journal contribution
posted on 03.10.2016, 00:00 by Osamu Takenouchi, Akira Kanno, Hideo Takakura, Mitsuru Hattori, Takeaki Ozawa
Estrogens regulate different physiological systems with wide ranges of concentrations. The rapid analysis of estrogens is crucially important for drug discovery and medical diagnosis, but quantitation of nanomolar estrogens in live cells persists as an important challenge. We herein describe a bioluminescent indicator used to detect low concentrations of estrogens quantitatively with a high signal-to-background ratio. The indicator comprises a ligand-binding domain of an estrogen receptor connected with its binding peptide, which is sandwiched between split fragments of a luciferase mutant. Results show that the indicator recovered its bioluminescence upon binding to 17β-estradiol at concentrations higher than 1.0 × 10–10 M. The indicator was reactive to agonists but did not respond to antagonists. The indicator is expected to be applicable for rapid screening estrogenic compounds and inhibitors, facilitating the discovery of drug candidates in a high-throughput manner.

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