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Bioinspired Non-Immunogenic Multifunctional Sealant for Efficient Blood Clotting and Suture-Free Wound Closure

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posted on 09.10.2020, 16:11 authored by Snehasish Ghosh, Paramita Gayen, Somnath Jan, Anyam Vijay Kishore, Vinod Kumar, Argha M. Mallick, Asmita Mukherjee, Samit Kumar Nandi, Rituparna Sinha Roy
Engineering bioinspired peptide-based molecular medicine is an emerging paradigm for the management of traumatic coagulopathies and inherent bleeding disorder. A hemostat-based strategy in managing uncontrolled bleeding is limited due to the lack of adequate efficacy and clinical noncompliance. In this study, we report an engineered adhesive peptide-based hybrid regenerative medicine, sealant 5, which is designed integrating the structural and functional features of fibrin and mussel foot-pad protein. AFM studies have revealed that sealant 5 (55.8 ± 6.8 nN adhesive force) has higher adhesive force than fibrin (46.4 ± 7.3 nN adhesive force). SEM data confirms that sealant 5 retains its network-like morphology both at 37 and 60 °C, inferring its thermal stability. Both sealant 5 and fibrin exhibit biodegradability in the presence of trypsin, and sealant 5 also showed biocompatibility in the presence of fibroblast cells. Engineered sealant 5 efficiently promotes hemostasis with enhanced adhesiveness and less blood-loss than fibrin. In vivo data suggests that in heparinized conditions, sealant 5 ceases bleeding at 212.3 ± 15.1 s, whereas fibrin halts bleeding at 294.3 ± 21.4 s and blood-loss is ∼4-fold less in sealant 5 than in fibrin. In a heparinized system, sealant 5 facilitates faster blood-clotting than fibrin (∼82 s faster) and RADA-16, a reported peptide-based sealant (∼113 s faster). Additionally, in the case of sealant 5, the process of clotting mimicry-like fibrin is independent of the body’s own coagulation system. Sealant 5 efficiently halts bleeding for both external and internal wounds, even for a heparinized system overcoming the bacterial infection. ELISA data and PMBC cell proliferation data support the non-immunogenic feature of sealant 5. Though fibrin and sealant 5 have exhibited comparable efficacy in suture-free wound closure, in vivo H&E staining images have revealed infiltration of very few immune cells as well as the presence of abundant collagen formation in the case of sealant 5-treated wound. Such nature-inspired non-immunogenic sealants offer exciting possibilities for the treatment of uncontrolled bleeding vis-à-vis wound closure.