Bioinspired Fabrication of Calcium-Doped TiP Coating with Nanofibrous Microstructure to Accelerate Osseointegration
journal contributionposted on 03.06.2020, 22:29 by Bianyun Cai, Peijie Tan, Nan Jiang, Zhijun Guo, Birol Ay, Shujun Li, Yi Hou, Yubao Li, Yanjun You, Li Zhang, Songsong Zhu
Bioinspired by the morphology of osteoclast-resorbed bone surfaces, we prepared a calcium-doped titanium phosphate (Ca-TiP) coating, which consists of a nanofibrous network, on titanium (Ti) substrate via a simple two-step hydrothermal method, trying to mimic natural bone compositionally and microstructurally. The in vitro studies show that the Ca-TiP coating with synergistic features of nanofibrous biomimetic topography and surface chemistry could elicit intensively osteogenic behavior and responses including enhanced cell adhesion, spreading, and proliferation as well as alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and up-regulated expression of bone-related genes, which inevitably benefit the formation of new bone and the quality of osseointegration. When the two control groups are compared in vivo, the significantly improved new bone formation in the early stage and the much stronger interfacial bonding with the surrounding bone for Ca-TiP coating suggest that Ca-TiP coating modified Ti implants hold great potential for orthopedic and dental applications.