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Bioanalytical Screening of Riboflavin Antagonists for Targeted Drug DeliveryA Thermodynamic and Kinetic Study

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journal contribution
posted on 12.05.2011, 00:00 by Anna Plantinga, Amanda Witte, Ming-Hsin Li, Andrew Harmon, Seok Ki Choi, Mark M. Banaszak Holl, Bradford G. Orr, James R. Baker, Kumar Sinniah
The present study screened riboflavin mimicking small molecules to determine their binding activity for the riboflavin binding protein. We performed thermodynamic and kinetic binding studies of these molecules using a combination of two analytical approaches: isothermal titration calorimetry and surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy. Screening of a biased set of nonriboflavin-based small molecules by microcalorimetry led to the discovery of two known drug molecules, quinacrine and chloroquine, as favorable ligands for the riboflavin receptor with KD values of 264 and 2100 nM, respectively. We further demonstrated that quinacrine is a competitive ligand for the receptor as measured by surface plasmon resonance. Thus, this study describes the identification of a novel class of dual-acting riboflavin antagonists that target riboflavin receptor for cellular uptake and display multifunctional activities upon cellular entry.