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Bioactivity-Guided Isolation of Potential Antidiabetic and Antihyperlipidemic Compounds from Trigonella stellata

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journal contribution
posted on 20.04.2018, 18:37 by Safa M. Shams Eldin, Mohamed M. Radwan, Amira S. Wanas, Abdel-Azim M. Habib, Fahima F. Kassem, Hala M. Hammoda, Shabana I. Khan, Michael L. Klein, Khaled M. Elokely, Mahmoud A. ElSohly
The in vitro antidiabetic and antihyperlipidemic activities of an alcoholic extract of Trigonella stellata were evaluated in terms of the activation of PPARα and PPARγ in human hepatoma (HepG2) cells. The extract was investigated phytochemically, aiming at the isolation of the most active compounds to be used as a platform for drug discovery. Three new isoflavans, (3S,4R)-4,2′,4′-trihydroxy)-7-methoxyisoflavan (1), (3R,4S)-4,2′,4′-trihydroxy-7-methoxy-4′-O-β-d-glucopyranosylisoflavan (2), and (2S,3R,4R)-4,2′,4′-trihydroxy-2,7-dimethoxyisoflavan (3), were isolated and characterized along with the five known compounds p-hydroxybenzoic acid (4), 7,4′-dihydroxyflavone (5), dihydromelilotoside (6), quercetin-3,7-O-α-l-dirhamnoside (7), and soyasaponin I (8). The structures of 13 were elucidated using various spectroscopic techniques including HRESIMS and 1D and 2D NMR. The absolute stereochemistry of the new isoflavans (13) was determined using both experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism as well as DP4 calculations. The isolated compounds were tested for their PPARα and PPARγ activation effects in HepG2 cells.