American Chemical Society
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Binding-Induced Formation of DNA Three-Way Junctions and Its Application to Protein Detection and DNA Strand Displacement

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journal contribution
posted on 2013-11-19, 00:00 authored by Feng Li, Yanwen Lin, X. Chris Le
DNA three-way junctions (DNA TWJs) are important building blocks to construct DNA architectures and dynamic assemblies. We describe here a binding-induced DNA TWJ strategy that is able to convert protein bindings to the formation of DNA TWJ. The binding-induced DNA TWJ makes use of two DNA motifs each conjugated to an affinity ligand. The binding of two affinity ligands to the target molecule triggers assembly of the DNA motifs and initiates the subsequent DNA strand displacement, resulting in a binding-induced TWJ. Real-time fluorescence monitoring of the binding-induced TWJ enables detection of the specific protein targets. A detection limit of 2.8 ng/mL was achieved for prostate-specific antigen. The binding-induced TWJ approach compares favorably with the toehold-mediated DNA strand-displacement, the associative (combinative) toehold-mediated DNA strand-displacement, and the binding-induced DNA strand-displacement. Importantly, the binding-induced TWJ broadens the scope of dynamic DNA assemblies and provides a new strategy to design protein-responsive DNA devices and assemblies.