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Bimolecular Electron and Energy Transfer Reactivity of Exchange-Coupled Dinuclear Iron(III) Complexes

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journal contribution
posted on 14.11.2001, 00:00 by Brandon T. Weldon, Daniel E. Wheeler, James P. Kirby, James K. McCusker
Bimolecular quenching between photosensitizers and exchange-coupled transition metal complexes has been studied in an effort to experimentally establish a link between Heisenberg spin exchange and chemical reactivity. The acceptors are members of the oxo/hydroxo-biscarboxylato class of dinuclear FeIII compounds, where protonation of the oxo bridge provides a means for modulating the magnitude of spin exchange within the cluster. Photoexcitation of solutions containing RuII polypyridyl sensitizers and the FeIII complexes results in quenching of emission from the 3MLCT excited state of the RuII chromophores; nanosecond time-resolved absorption measurements demonstrate that quenching occurs, in part, by electron transfer. Decoupling electron transfer driving force (ΔG0ET) from changes in the magnitude of spin exchange was achieved by varying the bridging carboxylate to afford a series of complexes of the form [Fe2O(H)(O2CR)2(Tp)2]n+ (n = 0, 1, 2). Electrochemical measurements reveal a greater than 500 mV shift in cluster reduction potential across the series (i.e., R = CH3 to CF3), whereas variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements demonstrate a corresponding invariance in spin exchange between the metal centers (Joxo = −119 ± 4 cm-1 and Jhydroxo = −18 ± 2 cm-1 for H = −2JS1·S2). Structural analyses suggest that reorganization energies (λ) associated with electron transfer should be identical for all molecules within a given series (i.e., oxo or hydroxo bridged); likewise Δλ between the series is expected to be small. A comparison of quenching rates for the two extended series firmly establishes that neither reorganization energy nor electron transfer driving force considerations can account for differences in reactivity between oxo-bridged (large spin exchange) and hydroxo-bridged (small spin exchange) quenchers. Upon consideration of energy transfer contributions, it is determined that reactivity differences between the oxo- and hydroxo-bridged quenchers must lie in the relative rates of Dexter energy transfer and/or electron transfer, with the origin of the latter linked to something other than ΔG0ET or λ. Finally, the extent to which spin exchange within the dinuclear FeIII quenchers can be identified as the key variable influencing these reactivity patterns is discussed.