American Chemical Society
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Bimetallic Sulfide Sb2S3@FeS2 Hollow Nanorods as High-Performance Anode Materials for Sodium-Ion Batteries

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journal contribution
posted on 2020-03-09, 13:04 authored by Liang Cao, Xuanwen Gao, Bao Zhang, Xing Ou, Jiafeng Zhang, Wen-Bin Luo
Constructing a heterojunction and introducing an interfacial interaction by designing ideal structures have the inherent advantages of optimizing electronic structures and macroscopic mechanical properties. An exquisite hierarchical heterogeneous structure of bimetal sulfide Sb2S3@FeS2 hollow nanorods embedded into a nitrogen-doped carbon matrix is fabricated by a concise two-step solvothermal method. The FeS2 interlayer expands in situ grow on the interface of hollow Sb2S3 nanorods within the nitrogen-doped graphene matrix, forming a delicate heterostructure. Such a well-designed architecture affords rapid Na+ diffusion and improves charge transfer at the heterointerfaces. Meanwhile, the strongly synergistic coupling interaction among the interior Sb2S3, interlayer FeS2, and external nitrogen-doped carbon matrix creates a stable nanostructure, which extremely accelerates the electronic/ion transport and effectively alleviates the volume expansion upon long cyclic performance. As a result, the composite, as an anode material for sodium-ion batteries, exhibits a superior rate capability of 537.9 mAh g–1 at 10 A g–1 and excellent cyclic stability with 85.7% capacity retention after 1000 cycles at 5 A g–1. Based on the DFT calculation, the existing constructing heterojunction in this composite can not only optimize the electronic structure to enhance the conductivity but also favor the Na2S adsorption energy to accelerate the reaction kinetics. The outstanding electrochemical performance sheds light on the strategy by the rational design of hierarchical heterogeneous nanostructures for energy storage applications.