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Bifurcated μ2‑I···(N,O) Halogen Bonding: The Case of (Nitrosoguanidinate)NiII Cocrystals with Iodine(I)-Based σ‑Hole Donors

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journal contribution
posted on 19.11.2020, 05:43 authored by Zarina M. Efimenko, Anastasiya A. Eliseeva, Daniil M. Ivanov, Bartomeu Galmés, Antonio Frontera, Nadezhda A. Bokach, Vadim Yu. Kukushkin
Cocrystallization of the nitrosoguanidinate complexes [Ni­{NHC­(NR2)­NN­(O)}2] (R2 = Me2 (1), Me/Ph (2), C5H10 (3)) with 1,2-diiodotetrafluorobenzene (1,2-FIB), 1,4-diiodotetrafluorobenzene (1,4-FIB), 1,3,5-triiodotrifluorobenzene (1,3,5-FIB), and tetraiodoethylene (C2I4) gave new cocrystals (13)·2­(1,2-FIB), 2·(1,4-FIB), 3·2­(1,3,5-FIB), 1·C2I4, and 2·2C2I4; all of these solids were studied by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Each structure exhibits the asymmetric bifurcated halogen bond μ2-I···(N,O) as a characteristic feature and a structure-directing contact. DFT calculations were used to evaluate the energetic features of the bifurcated halogen bonds that range from −6.7 to −8.3 kcal/mol; in general, the I···O contact is stronger that the I···N contact. Molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) surfaces along with the quantum theory of “atoms in molecules” (QTAIM) and the noncovalent interaction plot index (NCIPlot) computational tools were used to characterize the bifurcated halogen bonds in the cocrystals of 13. Various types of bifurcated halogen bonds involving nonmetal atoms as halogen-bond-accepting centers were systematized and categorized.