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Bias-Switchable Photoconductance in a Nanoscale Ge Photodetector Operated in the Negative Differential Resistance Regime

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posted on 2021-11-29, 20:39 authored by Masiar Sistani, Raphael Böckle, Maximilian G. Bartmann, Alois Lugstein, Walter M. Weber
Recent advances in nanoscale optoelectronic Ge devices have exposed their enormous potential for highly sensitive visible and near-infrared CMOS compatible photodetectors. In this respect, Ge nanowires, due to their nanocylinder resonator shape, have established themselves as a promising platform to significantly enhance the performance of photodetectors. Here, we present a highly sensitive polarity switchable Ge nanowire photodetector embedded in a monolithic and single-crystalline metal–semiconductor nanowire heterostructure. Operated in the negative differential resistance regime, effective dark current suppression up to a factor of 100 is achieved. In this configuration, a bias-switchable positive and negative photoconductance is observed and systematically analyzed. Further, a remarkably strong polarization anisotropy with a maximum TM/TE ratio of 33 was found for positive photoconductance. Most notably, presenting a Ge-based photodetector combining switchable photoconductance and effective dark current suppression may pave the way for advanced applications, including highly resolved imaging and light effect transistors.

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