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Benzoxaboroles: New Potent Inhibitors of the Carbonic Anhydrases of the Pathogenic Bacterium Vibrio cholerae

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journal contribution
posted on 14.09.2020, 14:50 by Alessandro Bonardi, Alessio Nocentini, Roberta Cadoni, Sonia del Prete, Pascal Dumy, Clemente Capasso, Paola Gratteri, Claudiu T. Supuran, Jean-Yves Winum
A series of urea/thiourea substituted benzoxaboroles was investigated for the inhibition of the three carbonic anhydrases encoded by Vibrio cholerae (VchCAα, VchCAβ, and VchCAγ). In particular, benzoxaborole derivatives were here first assayed for the inhibition of a γ-class CA, extending the panel of CA classes that benzoxaboroles efficiently target beyond α and β. Inhibition profiles demonstrated that VchCAα was significantly more inhibited compared to VchCAγ and, in turn, more efficiently modulated than VchCAβ. Among the many selective benzoxaborole ligands detected against VchCAα over the off-target hCA II, compound 18, a p-NO2-phenylthiourea derivative, even exhibited a fully selective inhibition profile against the three VchCAs over hCA II. A comprehensive ligand/target interaction study was performed in silico for all three VchCA isoforms providing the first molecular modeling investigation with inhibitors of a γ-class CA to the best of our knowledge. The present study reinforces the rationale behind the use of benzoxaboroles as innovative antibacterial agents with a new mechanism of action, furnishing suggestions for the rational design of new potent and selective inhibitors targeting V. cholerae CAs over human off-target ones.

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