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Benzoate Acid-Dependent Lattice Dimension of Co-MOFs and MOF-Derived CoS2@CNTs with Tunable Pore Diameters for Supercapacitors

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journal contribution
posted on 19.05.2017, 13:22 by Kang-Yu Zou, Yi-Chen Liu, Yi-Fan Jiang, Cheng-Yan Yu, Man-Li Yue, Zuo-Xi Li
Herein three novel cobalt metal–organic frameworks (Co-MOFs) with similar ingredients, [Co(bib)­(o-bdc)] (1), [Co2(bib)2­(m-bdc)2] (2), and {[Co­(bib)­(p-bdc)­(H2O)]­(H2O)0.5} (3), have been synthesized from the reaction of cobalt nitrate with 1,4-bis­(imidazol-1-yl)­benzene (bib) and structure-related aromatic acids (1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid = o-bdc, 1,3-benzenedicarboxylic acid = m-bdc, and 1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid = p-bdc) by the solvothermal method. It is aimed to perform systematic research on the relationship among the conformation of benzoate acid, lattice dimension of Co-MOF, and pore diameter of MOF-derived carbon composite. Through the precursor strategy, Co-MOFs 13 have been utilized to synthesize porous cobalt@carbon nanotube composites (Co@CNTs). After the in situ gas-sulfurization, secondary composites CoS2@CNTs were successfully obtained, which kept similar morphologies of corresponding Co@CNTs without destroying previous highly dispersed structures. Co-MOFs and two series of composites (Co@CNTs and CoS2@CNTs) have been well characterized. Topology and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller analyses elucidate that the bdc2– ion could control the pore diameters of MOF-derived carbon composites by adjusting the lattice dimension of Co-MOFs. The systematic studies on electrochemical properties demonstrate that (p)-CoS2@CNT possesses hierarchical morphology, moderate specific surface area, proper pore diameter distribution, and high graphitization, which lead to remarkable specific capacitances (839 F g–1 at 5 mV s–1 and 825 F g–1 at 0.5 A g–1) in 2 M potassium hydroxide solution. In addition, the (p)-CoS2@CNT electrode exhibits good electrochemical stability and still retains 82.9% of initial specific capacitance at the current density of 1 A g–1 after 5000 cycles.