Benchmark Quantum Kinetics at Low Temperatures toward Absolute Zero and Role of Entrance Channel Wells on Tunneling, Virtual States, and Resonances: The F + HD Reaction
journal contributionposted on 26.12.2019, 21:43 authored by Dario De Fazio, Vincenzo Aquilanti, Simonetta Cavalli
This paper reports a study of the quantum reaction dynamics and kinetics of the F + HD reaction at low and ultralow temperatures, focusing on the range from the Wigner limit up to 50 K. Close coupling time-independent quantum reactive scattering calculations for the production of HF and DF molecules have been carried out on two potential energy surfaces differing in the description of the reaction entrance channel. This case is computationally more demanding than the cases of F with H2 and D2 (De Fazio et al. Frontiers in Chemistry 2019, 7, 328) but offers a wider phenomenology regarding the roles of quantum mechanical effects of tunneling, of virtual states, and of resonances. The results show that at the temperatures in the cold and ultracold regimes small changes in the entrance channel long-range interaction induce surprising near threshold features. The presence of a virtual state close to the reactive threshold gives rise to a marked anti-Arrhenius behavior of the rate constants below 100 mK. This effect enhances reaction rates by about 2 orders of magnitude, making them of the same order as those at room temperature and confining the onset of the Wigner regime in the microkelvin region.
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Benchmark Quantum Kineticsresults showEntrance Channel Wellsreaction ratesVirtual Statesthreshold featuresDe Fazio2 ordersultracold regimesWigner limitHD reactionreaction entrance channelentrance channel50 K100 mKanti-Arrhenius behaviorHFpaper reportsrate constantsmicrokelvin regionH 2D 2energy surfacestime-independent quantum reactiveWigner regimereactive thresholdLow TemperaturesHD ReactionAbsolute Zeroultralow temperaturesquantum reaction dynamicsDF moleculesroom temperature