American Chemical Society
ac3c02577_si_001.pdf (3.01 MB)

Base-Stacking-Driven Catalytic Hairpin Assembly: A Nucleic Acid Amplification Reaction Using Electrode Interface as a “Booster” for SARS-CoV‑2 Point-of-Care Testing

Download (3.01 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-10-11, 19:03 authored by Guanyu Chen, Ning Yang, Lilan Xu, Shi Lu, Zhuhua Chen, Fang Wu, Jinghua Chen, Xi Zhang
Electrochemical DNA (E-DNA) biosensors based on interface-mediated hybridization reactions are promising for point-of-care testing (POCT). However, the low efficiency of target recycle amplification and the steric hindrance at the electrode interface limit their sensing performance. Herein, we propose a base-stacking-driven catalytic hairpin assembly (BDCHA), a nucleic acid amplification reaction strategy, for POCT. The introduction of the base-stacking effect in this strategy increases the thermodynamic stability of the product, thereby effectively improving the recycling efficiency. Also, it enables the interface-mediated hybridization to maintain stability with even fewer bases in the reaction-binding domain, hence minimizing DNA secondary structure formation or intertwining at the electrode surface and ameliorating the steric hindrance limitation. The introduced base-stacking effect makes the electrode serve as a “booster” by integrating the advantages of homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions, giving BDCHA an increased reaction rate of about 20-fold, compared to the conventional catalytic hairpin assembly. As a proof of concept, our BDCHA was applied in constructing a portable E-DNA biosensor for the detection of a SARS-CoV-2 N gene sequence fragment. A simple 30 min one-pot incubation is required, and the results can be readily read on a smartphone, making it portable and user-friendly for POCT.