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Band Gap Engineering in β‑Ga2O3 for a High-Performance X‑ray Detector

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journal contribution
posted on 18.10.2021, 12:38 by Zhiwei Li, Jiawen Chen, Huili Tang, Zhichao Zhu, Mu Gu, Jun Xu, Liang Chen, Xiaoping Ouyang, Bo Liu
Gallium oxide (Ga2O3) attracts great attention in the field of X-ray detection because of its ultrawide band gap, high breakdown electric field, and high X-ray absorption coefficient. However, unintentionally doped Ga2O3 tends to have low resistivity because of the shallow donors provided by unintentionally doped impurity elements or intrinsic defects. Iron and magnesium ion doping can increase the resistivity of β-Ga2O3, but the carrier drift length and carrier collection efficiency are greatly reduced because of the introduction of deep-level impurities. Here, Al-doped β-Ga2O3 (β-Ga2O3:Al) single crystals with high resistivity are obtained through band gap engineering. The mechanism by which Al3+ doping can increase the resistivity of the β-Ga2O3 crystal is discussed. A β-Ga2O3:15%Al-based X-ray detector with high resistivity and quality is prepared. The detector demonstrates a high sensitivity of 851.6 μC Gyair–1 cm–2, which is 42 times higher than that of the commercial amorphous Se X-ray detector. Furthermore, the detector exhibits a fast response speed and both rise time and decay time of less than 0.05 s. The high performance of the detector is attributed to the high resistivity and high quality of the crystal. This work presents a method to obtain high-performance X-ray detectors based on β-Ga2O3 single crystals through band gap engineering.

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