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Bactericidal Efficacy of Nitric Oxide-Releasing Silica Nanoparticles

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journal contribution
posted on 2008-02-26, 00:00 authored by Evan M. Hetrick, Jae Ho Shin, Nathan A. Stasko, C. Bryce Johnson, Daniel A. Wespe, Ekhson Holmuhamedov, Mark H. Schoenfisch
The utility of nitric oxide (NO)-releasing silica nanoparticles as novel antibacterial agents is demonstrated against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Nitric oxide-releasing nanoparticles were prepared via co-condensation of tetraalkoxysilane with aminoalkoxysilane modified with diazeniumdiolate NO donors, allowing for the storage of large NO payloads. Comparison of the bactericidal efficacy of the NO-releasing nanoparticles to 1-[2-(carboxylato)pyrrolidin-1-yl]diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate (PROLI/NO), a small molecule NO donor, demonstrated enhanced bactericidal efficacy of nanoparticle-derived NO and reduced cytotoxicity to healthy cells (mammalian fibroblasts). Confocal microscopy revealed that fluorescently labeled NO-releasing nanoparticles associated with the bacterial cells, providing rationale for the enhanced bactericidal efficacy of the nanoparticles. Intracellular NO concentrations were measurable when the NO was delivered from nanoparticles as opposed to PROLI/NO. Collectively, these results demonstrate the advantage of delivering NO via nanoparticles for antimicrobial applications.