American Chemical Society
Browse
ac3c05682_si_001.pdf (914.86 kB)

Automatic Microfluidic Harmonized RAA-CRISPR Diagnostic System for Rapid and Accurate Identification of Bacterial Respiratory Tract Infections

Download (914.86 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2024-04-10, 07:20 authored by Xinran Xiang, Xiaoqing Ren, Qianyu Wen, Gaowa Xing, Yuting Liu, Xiaowei Xu, Yuhuan Wei, Yuhan Ji, Tingting Liu, Huwei Song, Shenghang Zhang, Yuting Shang, Minghui Song
Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) pose a grave threat to human health, with bacterial pathogens being the primary culprits behind severe illness and mortality. In response to the pressing issue, we developed a centrifugal microfluidic chip integrated with a recombinase-aided amplification (RAA)-clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) system to achieve rapid detection of respiratory pathogens. The limitations of conventional two-step CRISPR-mediated systems were effectively addressed by employing the all-in-one RAA-CRISPR detection method, thereby enhancing the accuracy and sensitivity of bacterial detection. Moreover, the integration of a centrifugal microfluidic chip led to reduced sample consumption and significantly improved the detection throughput, enabling the simultaneous detection of multiple respiratory pathogens. Furthermore, the incorporation of Chelex-100 in the sample pretreatment enabled a sample-to-answer capability. This pivotal addition facilitated the deployment of the system in real clinical sample testing, enabling the accurate detection of 12 common respiratory bacteria within a set of 60 clinical samples. The system offers rapid and reliable results that are crucial for clinical diagnosis, enabling healthcare professionals to administer timely and accurate treatment interventions to patients.

History