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Automated SPR-LC−MS/MS System for Protein Interaction Analysis

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journal contribution
posted on 05.09.2008, 00:00 by Toshiya Hayano, Yoshio Yamauchi, Kazunobu Asano, Teruko Tsujimura, Setsuko Hashimoto, Toshiaki Isobe, Nobuhiro Takahashi
We have developed a novel automated system to analyze protein complexes by integrating a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor with highly sensitive nanoflow liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC−MS/MS). A His-tagged protein, which is also tagged with FLAG and biotinylated sequences, was expressed in mammalian cells. After purification by using the His tag from the cell lysate, the sample protein mixture was applied to an SPR biosensor and the protein complex was captured on the sensor chip. The automated SPR-LC−MS/MS was then performed: (1) two-step on-chip purification of the protein complex by using the FLAG and the biotinylated tags, (2) on-chip protease digestion of the complex, and (3) online nanoflow LC−MS/MS analysis of the resulting peptide fragments for protein identification. All of these processes could be monitored in real-time by the SPR biosensor. We validated the performance of the system using either FK506-binding protein 52 kDa (FKBP52) or ribosomal protein S19 (rpS19) as bait. Thus, the fully automated SPR-LC−MS/MS system appeared to be a powerful tool for functional proteomics studies, particularly for snapshot analysis of functional cellular complexes and machines.