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Aryl Bromides as Inexpensive Starting Materials in the Catalytic Enantioselective Arylation of Aryl Aldehydes: The Additive TMEDA Enhances the Enantioselectivity

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journal contribution
posted on 07.11.2014, 00:00 by Yong-Xin Yang, Yue Liu, Lei Zhang, Yan-E Jia, Pei Wang, Fang-Fang Zhuo, Xian-Tao An, Chao-Shan Da
We used aryl bromides as inexpensive starting materials to enantioselectively arylate aldehydes in one pot. Aryl bromides readily transfer aryls to aryllithiums with n-butyllithium, successively to triarylaluminums with aluminum chloride, and then to aryltitaniums with titanium isopropoxide. Finally aryltitaniums arylate aldehydes catalyzed by (S)-H8-BINOL–Ti­(Oi-Pr)2 in excellent yields and enantioselectivities. The additive TMEDA evidently suppresses the racemic background reaction promoted by LiCl generated from salt metathesis. This procedure represents a cost-effective and operationally convenient method for enantioenriched diarylmethanols.