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Area-Type Electronic Bipolar Switching Al/TiO1.7/TiO2/Al Memory with Linear Potentiation and Depression Characteristics

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journal contribution
posted on 11.08.2021, 12:36 authored by Yu Yan, Jia Cheng Li, Yu Ting Chen, Xiang Yu Wang, Gang Ri Cai, Hyeon Woo Park, Ji Hun Kim, Jin Shi Zhao, Cheol Seong Hwang
In electronic bipolar resistive switching (eBRS), the electron trapping and detrapping at the defect sites within the switching layer, such as the highly defective TiO1.7 in this study, constitute the switching mechanism. It is an appealing candidate solution to the nonuniformity issue of resistive switching memory. However, TiO1.7-based eBRS has suffered from a lack of endurance and retention. In this study, a 7 nm-thick stoichiometric TiO2 layer is interposed between an Al bottom electrode and a 50 nm-thick TiO1.7 layer, which is in contact with an Al top electrode. Despite the minimal structural modification, improvements in the electrical performance were substantial. The off-to-on state resistance ratio of 20 and the resistance values could be retained up to 30 000 direct current sweep cycles and 106 alternating current pulse switching cycles. Data retention also significantly improves. Moreover, the device is electroforming-free and shows fully area-type switching characteristics. Such notable improvements are attributed to the favorable energy band structure of the Al/TiO1.7/TiO2/Al structure. The device shows almost linear potentiation and depression characteristics after the repeated pulse voltage applications, which significantly improves the accuracy of the neural network, the synapses of which are composed of the Al/TiO1.7/TiO2/Al memory cells.