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Application of Natural Antibacterial Plants in the Extraction of Uranium from Seawater

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posted on 2024-07-10, 20:05 authored by Xue Zhang, Qianhong Gao, Yao Yuan, Dadong Shao
Marine biofouling directly affects the performance and efficiency of uranium (U(VI)) extraction from seawater. Compared to traditional chemical methods, natural plant extracts are generally biodegradable and nontoxic, making them an environmentally friendly alternative to synthetic chemicals in solving the marine biofouling problem. The effectiveness of natural antibacterial plants (i.e., pine needle, peppermint, Acorus gramineus Soland, Cacumen platycladi, and wormwood) in solving the marine biofouling problem was evaluated in this work. Experimental results showed that natural antibacterial plants could kill Vibrio alginolyticus in solution and effectively solve the marine biofouling problem of U(VI) extraction. To improve the adsorption capacity of natural plants for U(VI) in seawater, poly(vinylphosphonic acid) (PVPA) was modified on natural antibacterial plant surfaces by irradiation grafting technology. PVPA and natural antibacterial plants work as active sites and base materials for the U(VI) extraction material, respectively. The recovery performance of PVPA/pine needle for U(VI) was preliminarily studied. Results show that the adsorption of U(VI) on PVPA/pine needle follows pseudo-second-order and Langmuir models, and the maximum adsorption capacity is 111 mg/g at 298 K and pH 8.2.

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