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Application of Fluorescence Difference Gel Electrophoresis Technology in Searching for Protein Biomarkers in Chick Myopia

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journal contribution
posted on 2020-04-03, 15:10 authored by Thomas C. Lam, King-Kit Li, Samuel C. L. Lo, Jeremy A. Guggenheim, Chi Ho To
The lens-induced myopia (LIM) in response to concave lens (negative lens) is a well established animal model for studying myopia development. However, the exact visual and neurochemical signaling mechanisms involving myopic eye growth are yet to be elucidated. The feasibility of applying a novel two-dimensional fluorescence difference gel electrophoresis technique for global protein profilings and a search for differential protein expressions in LIM were explored in the present study. Two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was performed employing a “minimal Lysine labeling” approach and a reverse CyeDye experimental protocol using retinal tissue from chicks. The retinal protein profiles between myopic and control eyes were found to be very similar. More than a thousand protein spots could be detected on a 2D gel. Sixteen and ten protein spots were found to be up-regulated and down-regulated respectively in the myopic eyes according to our preset criteria with the inclusion of an internal pool standard. About 65% of those filtered spots could be successfully identified by peptide mass fingerprinting by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry . Most of the differentially expressed proteins were found to be related to cytoskeletal or oxidative functions. According to the prediction of subcellular locations, most of them (about 84%) were classified as cytoplasmic proteins. The cellular functions for those differentially expressed proteins were reported and their possible involvements in the compensated eye growth were discussed. We have optimized a workable protocol for the study of the differential retinal protein expressions in the LIM using 2D-DIGE approach which was shown to have a number of advantages over the traditional 2D electrophoresis technique. Keywords: Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis • chick • myopia • proteomics • DIGE • retina • mass spectrometry

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