Antioxidant Capacity, Metal Contents, and Their Health Risk Assessment of Tartary Buckwheat Teas
journal contributionposted on 22.04.2020, 18:04 by Zhiqiang Li, Zhijian Li, Yue Huang, Yunchuan Jiang, Yongfu Liu, Wen Wen, Hanhan Li, Jirong Shao, Chenglong Wang, Xuemei Zhu
Tartary buckwheat tea (TBT) is the most popular and widely consumed buckwheat product in many countries. However, the perfect quality control standards for TBT were still lacking, and the content of heavy metals in TBT and their health risks to consumers were still unknown. In this research, the total phenolic content, total flavonoid content, and antioxidant capacity as well as six metal contents and their health risks in TBT were detected. The results showed that the total phenolic content, total flavonoid content, and antioxidant capacity varied significantly among different types of TBT. Meanwhile, six metal concentrations in TBT leaves and infusions decreased in the order of Zn, Cu, Cr, Ni, Pb, and Cd. Health risk assessment indicated that the heavy metal intake only from TBT would not cause a noncarcinogenic risk to consumers. However, a strong carcinogenic risk of Cr in TBT for consumers should be paid more attention.