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Antiaflatoxigenic and Antimicrobial Activities of Schiff Bases of 2‑Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde, Cinnamaldehyde, and Similar Aldehydes

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-09-24, 00:00 authored by Nanishankar V. Harohally, Chris Cherita, Praveena Bhatt, K. A. Anu Appaiah
2-Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde (HMBA) is a nontoxic phenolic flavor from dietary source Decalipus hamiltonii and Hemidesmus indicus. HMBA is an excellent antimicrobial agent with additional antiaflatoxigenic potency. On the other hand, cinnamaldehyde from cinnamon is a widely employed flavor with significant antiaflatoxigenic activity. We have attempted the enhancement of antiaflatoxigenic and antimicrobial properties of HMBA, cinnamaldehyde, and similar molecules via Schiff base formation accomplished from condensation reaction with amino sugar (d-glucamine). HMBA derived Schiff bases exhibited commendable antiaflatoxigenic activity at the concentration 0.1 mg/mL resulting in 9.6 ± 1.9% growth of Aspergillus flavus and subsequent 91.4 ± 3.9% reduction of aflatoxin B1 with respect to control.