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Anti-EGFR Peptide-Conjugated Triangular Gold Nanoplates for Computed Tomography/Photoacoustic Imaging-Guided Photothermal Therapy of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

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journal contribution
posted on 03.05.2018, 00:00 by Ying Zhao, Wenfei Liu, Ying Tian, Zhenlu Yang, Xiaofen Wang, Yunlei Zhang, Yuxia Tang, Shuang Zhao, Chunyan Wang, Ying Liu, Jing Sun, Zhaogang Teng, Shouju Wang, Guangming Lu
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is difficult to cure because of the high recurrence rate and the side effects of current treatments. It is urgent to develop a new treatment that is safer and more effective than current treatments against NSCLC. Herein, we constructed anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) peptide-conjugated PEGylated triangular gold nanoplates (TGN-PEG-P75) as a targeting photothermal therapy (PTT) agent to treat NSCLC under the guidance of computed tomography (CT) and photoacoustic (PA) imaging. The surface of TGNs is successfully conjugated with a novel peptide P75 that has the specific affinity to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). It is found that the EGFR is overexpressed in NSCLC cells. The TGN-PEG-P75 has uniform edge length (77.9 ± 7.0 nm) and neutrally charged surface. The cell uptake experiments demonstrate remarkable affinity of the TGN-PEG-P75 to high EGFR expression cells than low EGFR expression cells (5.1-fold). Thanks to the strong near-infrared absorbance, high photothermal conversion efficiency, and the increased accumulation in tumor cells via the interaction of P75 and EGFR, TGN-PEG-P75 exhibits 3.8-fold superior therapeutic efficacy on HCC827 cells than TGN-PEG. The in vivo CT/PA dual-modal imaging of the TGN-PEG-P75 is helpful in selecting the optimal treatment time and providing real-time visual guidance of PTT. Furthermore, treatments on HCC827 tumor-bearing mouse model demonstrate that the growth of NSCLC cells can be effectively inhibited by the TGN-PEG-P75 through PTT, indicating the great promise of the nanoplatform for treating NSCLC in vivo.