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Anion Dependent Structures of Luminescent Silver(I) Complexes

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journal contribution
posted on 24.01.2003, 00:00 authored by Corey Seward, Jacquelyn Chan, Datong Song, Suning Wang
The reaction of AgX, where X = trifluoroacetate (CF3CO2-, tfa), nitrate (NO3-), trifluoromethanesulfonate (triflate, CF3SO3-, OTf), hexafluorophosphate (PF6-), or perchlorate (ClO4-), with 2,2‘,3‘ ‘-tripyridylamine (tpa) yields five novel silver(I) complexes, which have been structurally characterized. The five complexes have the same 1:1 stoichiometry of Ag/tpa but exhibit different modes of coordination, depending upon the counterion present in the compound. Compound 1, [Ag(tpa)(tfa)]n, forms a 1D coordination polymer of [Ag(tpa)(tfa)]2 dimer units linked through bridging tfa counterions. Compound 2, [Ag(tpa)(CH3CN)(NO3)]n, forms a zigzag chain 1D coordination polymer exclusively through Ag−N bonds. In compounds 1 and 2, each tpa ligand is bound to two Ag(I) ions via a 2-py and a 3-py group. Compound 3, [Ag(tpa)(OTf)]n, forms a ribbonlike 1D coordination polymer, in which each tpa ligand binds to three different silver centers via all three pyridyl groups, and the counterion remains coordinated to the Ag(I) center. Compounds 4, [Ag(tpa)(CH3CN)]n(PF6)n, and 5, [Ag(tpa)(CH3CN)]n (ClO4)n, display ribbonlike structures resembling that of 3, except that the counterions are not coordinated. All complexes are luminescent in acetonitrile solution, with emission maxima in the near-UV region (λmax = 366, 368, 367, 367, and 368 nm for 15, respectively). At 77 K, the emission maxima are red-shifted to λmax = 452, 453, 450, 450, and 454 nm for 15, respectively.