An Expeditious Route to Both Enantiomers of All Carbon Quaternary Stereocenters at C‑3 Carbon of Lactams via [3,3]-Sigmatropic Rearrangement: Total Synthesis of (−)-Physostigmine
journal contributionposted on 2015-02-20, 00:00 authored by Ganesh Pandey, Jagadish Khamrai, Akash Mishra
A diastereoselective route to all carbon quaternary stereocenters at the C-3 position of cyclic lactams has been developed via Johnson–Claisen rearrangement of γ-hydroxy-α, β-unsaturated lactams. It has been observed that olefin geometry plays an important role in the development of the absolute stereochemistry of the product. The dependence of the product configuration on the olefin geometry is explained by postulating probable transition states. The success of this method has been shown for the multigram scale synthesis of these substituted lactams from commercially available cheap starting materials. The synthetic usefulness of this method is also demonstrated by carrying out the total synthesis of (−)-physostigmine.