An Efficient Synthesis of 2-Substituted 6-Methylpurine Bases and Nucleosides by Fe- or Pd-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling Reactions of 2,6-Dichloropurines
journal contributionposted on 2003-06-13, 00:00 authored by Michal Hocek, Hana Dvořáková
Fe-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions of 9-substituted or protected 2,6-dichloropurines with 1 equiv of methylmagnesium chloride gave regioselectively 2-chloro-6-methylpurines in good yields. The same reactions with 3 equiv of methylmagnesium chloride or Pd-catalyzed reactions with trimethylaluminum afforded 2,6-dimethylpurines. The 2-chloro-6-methylpurines underwent another coupling with phenylboronic acid to give 6-methyl-2-phenylpurines. All reactions were perfomed for Bn- and THP-protected purine bases as well as for acyl-protected ribosides and 2-deoxyribosides. After deprotection, free purine bases and nucleosides were obtained.