American Chemical Society
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Amplified Analysis of DNA by the Autonomous Assembly of Polymers Consisting of DNAzyme Wires

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journal contribution
posted on 2016-02-22, 17:57 authored by Fuan Wang, Johann Elbaz, Ron Orbach, Nimrod Magen, Itamar Willner
A systematic study of the amplified optical detection of DNA by Mg2+-dependent DNAzyme subunits is described. The use of two DNAzyme subunits and the respective fluorophore/quencher-modified substrate allows the detection of the target DNA with a sensitivity corresponding to 1 × 10–9 M. The use of two functional hairpin structures that include the DNAzyme subunits in a caged, inactive configuration leads, in the presence of the target DNA, to the opening of one of the hairpins and to the activation of an autonomous cross-opening process of the two hairpins, which affords polymer DNA wires consisting of the Mg2+-dependent DNAzyme subunits. This amplification paradigm leads to the analysis of the target DNA with a sensitivity corresponding to 1 × 10–14 M. The amplification mixture composed of the two hairpins can be implemented as a versatile sensing platform for analyzing any gene in the presence of the appropriate hairpin probe. This is exemplified with the detection of the BRCA1 oncogene.