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Ammoxidation of Ethane to Acetonitrile and Ethylene: Reaction Transient Analysis for the Co/HZSM‑5 Catalyst

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journal contribution
posted on 13.01.2020, 09:29 by Xia Liu, Tingyu Liang, Roland Barbosa, Genwei Chen, Hossein Toghiani, Yizhi Xiang
Ethane ammoxidation to acetonitrile and ethylene over the Co/HZSM-5 catalysts was revisited based on both transient and steady-state performance evaluation to elucidate the structure/reactivity relationships. We suggested that the exchanged Co2+ cation encapsulated in the zeolite favors the formation of acetonitrile and ethylene, whereas nanosized cobalt oxide particles without close proximity with the HZSM-5 only favor CO2 formation. Excess Brønsted acid sites of the zeolites may act as a reservoir for NH3, which inhibits the CO2 formation through the NH3-mediated oxidative dehydrogenation mechanism. According to the transient kinetic analysis, the time constants τ from the back-transient decay for NH3 and CO2 are both 7.7 min, which decreased to 2.7 min for acetonitrile and further decreased to 3–4 s for ethane, ethylene, and O2. Assuming first-order reaction kinetics, the rate constants for the formation of acetonitrile and CO2 are 0.37 and 0.13 min–1, respectively, from their corresponding reactive intermediates.