American Chemical Society
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Ammonia Cracking Catalyzed by Ni Nanoparticles Confined in the Framework of CeO2 Support

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-10-18, 22:16 authored by Hiroshi Mizoguchi, Yuta Osawa, Masato Sasase, Naoki Ohashi, Masaaki Kitano, Hideo Hosono
For the extraction of hydrogen from ammonia at low temperatures, we investigated Ni-based catalysts fabricated by the thermal decomposition of RNi5 intermetallics (R = Ce or Y). The interconnected microstructure formed via phase separation between the Ni catalyst and the resulting oxide support was observed to evolve via low-temperature thermal decomposition of RNi5. The resulting Ni/CeO2 nanocomposite exhibited superior catalytic activity of ∼25% at 400 °C for NH3 cracking. The high catalytic activity was attributed to the interlocking of Ni nanoparticles with the CeO2 framework. The growth of Ni nanoparticles was prevented by this interconnected microstructure, in which the Ni nanoparticles incorporated nitrogen owing to the size effect, whereas Ni does not commonly form nitrides. To the best of our knowledge, this is a unique example of a microstructure that enhances catalytic NH3 cracking.