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Amidoxime-Functionalized Covalent Organic Nanosheets for Sequestration of Uranium In Vivo

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journal contribution
posted on 10.11.2020, 20:10 by Long Chen, Ru Bai, Xiaomei Wang, Yijing Zhang, Linwei He, Mingxing Zhang, Yu Chong, Zhifang Chai, Xiao-Feng Wang, Juan Diwu
Finding efficient actinide decorporation agents is crucial for public health and the development of the nuclear industry. The current inventory of decorporation agents is predominately limited to a handful of ligands. In this work, a two-dimensional (2D) covalent organic nanosheet (CON) material was rationally designed and tested for in vivo uranium decorporation. This material is extensively grafted with amidoxime (AO), a classic uranium-recognition ligand, which not only provides selective binding sites for uranyl but also expands the interlayer spacing of CON, making the active sites more accessible. Significantly, the results of in vivo experiments demonstrate that, in both prophylactic and prompt administration groups, CON-AO exhibits a higher excretion ratio of uranium from kidneys than that of ZnNa3-diethylenetriamine pentaacetate (DTPA), while presenting a similar level of cytotoxicity. These results suggest that functionalized CONs may emerge as a promising type of actinide in vivo decorporation agent.