American Chemical Society
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Amide-Linked Ribonucleoside Dimers Derived from 5‘-Amino-5‘-deoxy- and 3‘-(Carboxymethyl)-3‘-deoxynucleoside Precursors1

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journal contribution
posted on 1999-10-08, 00:00 authored by Matt A. Peterson, Bradley L. Nilsson, Sanchita Sarker, Bogdan Doboszewski, Weijian Zhang, Morris J. Robins
Treatment of tert-butyldimethylsilyl (TBDMS) derivatives of 3‘-keto(adenosine or uridine) with [(ethoxycarbonyl)methylene]triphenylphosphorane gave exocyclic alkenes that underwent stereoselective hydrogenation to give 3‘-deoxy-3‘-[(ethoxycarbonyl)methyl](Ado or Urd) analogues. Saponification provided the 3‘-(carboxymethyl)-3‘-deoxy(Ado and Urd) derivatives 37 and 38. Treatment of 37 or 38 with DCC and 5‘-amino-2‘,3‘-bis-O-TBDMS-5‘-deoxynucleosides gave the amide-linked dimers (74−82%). Activation of 37 or 38 with 4-nitrophenol/DCC, and direct coupling of the 4-nitrophenyl esters with 5‘-amino-5‘-deoxy(Ado or Urd) in pyridine also produced amide dimers efficiently (65−70%). Analogous activation of a 5‘-O-DMT-protected carboxylate, and its coupling with 5‘-amino-5‘-deoxy-2‘-O-methyladenosine gave the amide dimer in good yield (74%). Coupling (DCC) of a 5‘-azido-2‘-O-TBDMS-3‘-(carboxymethyl)-3‘,5‘-dideoxyuridine intermediate with 5‘-amino-5‘-deoxynucleosides gave amide-linked dimers (72−78%) that can serve as masked (azide reduction) 5‘-amino dimers for analogous synthesis of extended amide-linked oligomers.