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Ametoctradin is a Potent Qo Site Inhibitor of the Mitochondrial Respiration Complex III

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journal contribution
posted on 08.04.2015, 00:00 by Xiaolei Zhu, Mengmeng Zhang, Jingjing Liu, Jingming Ge, Guangfu Yang
Ametoctradin is a new Oomycete-specific fungicide under development by BASF. It is a potent inhibitor of the bc1 complex in mitochondrial respiration. However, its detailed action mechanism remains unknown. In the present work, the binding mode of ametoctradin was first uncovered by integrating molecular docking, MD simulations, and MM/PBSA calculations, which showed that ametoctradin should be a Qo site inhibitor of bc1 complex. Subsequently, a series of new 1,2,4-triazolo­[1,5-a]­pyrimidine derivatives were designed and synthesized to further understand the substituent effects on the 5- and 6-position of 1,2,4-triazolo­[1,5-a]­pyrimidine. The calculated binding free energies (ΔGcal) of newly synthesized analogues as Qo site inhibitors correlated very well (R2 = 0.96) with their experimental binding free energies (ΔGexp). Two compounds (4a and 4c) with higher inhibitory activity against porcine SQR than ametoctradin were successfully identified. The structural and mechanistic insights obtained from the present study will provide a valuable clue for future designing of a new promising bc1 inhibitor.