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Ambient Reductive Amination of Levulinic Acid to Pyrrolidones over Pt Nanocatalysts on Porous TiO2 Nanosheets

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journal contribution
posted on 10.02.2019, 00:00 by Chao Xie, Jinliang Song, Haoran Wu, Yue Hu, Huizhen Liu, Zhanrong Zhang, Pei Zhang, Bingfeng Chen, Buxing Han
Construction of N-substituted pyrrolidones from biomass-derived levulinic acid (LA) via reductive amination is a highly attractive route for biomass valorization. However, realizing this transformation using H2 as the hydrogen source under mild conditions is still very challenging. Herein, we designed porous TiO2 nanosheets-supported Pt nanoparticles (Pt/P-TiO2) as the heterogeneous catalyst. The prepared Pt/P-TiO2 was highly efficient for reductive amination of LA to produce various N-substituted pyrrolidones (34 examples) at ambient temperature and H2 pressure. Meanwhile, Pt/P-TiO2 showed good applicability for reductive amination of levulinic esters, 4-acetylbutyric acid, 2-acetylbenzoic acid, and 2-carboxybenzaldehyde. Systematic studies indicated that the strong acidity of P-TiO2 and the lower electron density of the Pt sites as well as the porous structure resulted in the excellent activity of Pt/P-TiO2.