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Ambient Pressure X‑ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy Investigation of Thermally Stable Halide Perovskite Solar Cells via Post-Treatment

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posted on 2020-09-17, 20:43 authored by Shougui Ning, Songwei Zhang, Jiaonan Sun, Congping Li, Jingfeng Zheng, Yehia M. Khalifa, Shouhuan Zhou, Jing Cao, Yiying Wu
Long-term thermal stability is one limiting factor that impedes the commercialization of the perovskite solar cell. Inspired by our prior results from machine learning, we discover that coating a thin layer of 4,4′-dibromotriphenylamine (DBTPA) on top of a CH3NH3PbI3 layer can improve the stability of resultant solar cells. The passivated devices kept 96% of the original power conversion efficiency for 1000 h at 85 °C in a N2 atmosphere without encapsulation. Near-ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was employed to investigate the evolution of the composition and evaluate thermal and moisture stability by in situ studies. A comparison between pristine MAPbI3 films and DBTPA-treated films shows that the DBTPA treatment suppresses the escape of iodide and methylamine up to 150 °C under 5 mbar humidity. Furthermore, we have used attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared and XPS to probe the interactions between DBTPA and MAPbI3 surfaces. The results prove that DBTPA coordinates with the perovskite by Lewis acid–base and cation−π interaction. Compared with the 19.9% efficiency of the pristine sample, the champion efficiency of the passivated sample reaches 20.6%. Our results reveal DBTPA as a new post-treating molecule that leads not only to the improvement of the photovoltaic efficiency but also thermal and moisture stability.

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