American Chemical Society
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Alternating Dual-Collision Energy Scanning Mass Spectrometry Approach: Discovery of Novel Microbial Bile-Acid Conjugates

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-01-28, 01:03 authored by Quan-Fei Zhu, Yan-Zhen Wang, Na An, Jun-Di Hao, Peng-Cheng Mei, Ya-Li Bai, Yu-Ning Hu, Pei-Rong Bai, Yu-Qi Feng
Bile acids (BAs) are a type of gut microbiota–host cometabolites with abundant structural diversity, and they play critical roles in maintaining host–microbiota homeostasis. In this study, we developed a new N-(4-aminomethylphenyl) pyridinium (AMPP) derivatization-assisted alternating dual-collision energy scanning mass spectrometry (AMPP-dual-CE MS) method for the profiling of BAs derived from host–gut microbiota cometabolism in mice. Using the proposed method, we discovered two new types of amino acid conjugations (alanine conjugation and proline conjugation) and acetyl conjugation with host BAs, for the first time, from mouse intestine contents and feces. Additionally, we also determined and identified nine new leucine- and phenylalanine-conjugated BAs. These findings broaden our knowledge of the composition of the BA pool and provide insight into the mechanism of host–gut microbiota cometabolism of BAs.