Alkylpalladium N-Heterocyclic Carbene Complexes: Synthesis, Reactivity, and Catalytic Properties
journal contributionposted on 22.12.2008, 00:00 by Oriana Esposito, Pedro M. P. Gois, Alexandra K. de K. Lewis, Stephen Caddick, F. Geoffrey N. Cloke, Peter B. Hitchcock
The dimers [trans-[(neopentyl)Pd(μ-Cl)(ItBu)]2, 2, and (cis-[(neopentyl)Pd(μ-Cl)(IPr)]2, 3 (ItBu = 1,3-bis-tert-butylimidazol-2-ylidene, IPr = 1,3-bis-2,6-diidopropylimidazol-2-ylidene), have been synthesized from [Pd(neopentyl)(Cl)(1,5-COD)], and their reactivity toward a variety of nucleophiles has been evaluated. In particular, this study revealed that 2 can be readily cleaved by primary and secondary amines, affording stable transamination products, which are surprisingly resistant to deprotonation. Dimer 3 was subsequently used as a catalyst in a series of Buchwald−Hartwig amination reactions of aryl chlorides.